Education in Egypt has spread since the ancient Egyptians who contributed to the invention of writing; they recorded the ancient Egyptian language with hieroglyphics, and during their reign, Burr Ankh was established as the first school and library in human history.When Christianity entered Egypt in 60 AD some of the features of education changed with that period. Schools were attached to churches instead of temples and theological school was established in Alexandria.: C 1: 71: 72 and then the establishment of schools during the reigns of the Ayyubid state and Mamluk state. With the rule of Mohamed Ali Pasha rule of Egypt began to change the education system to be in the form of modern systems, the establishment of military schools and high schools and schools and primary schools.In 1908, the first modern Egyptian university was opened, namely, the Egyptian University (now Cairo University), and then the establishment of universities throughout Egypt.
According to the Egyptian Constitution, education is free and compulsory until the end of secondary school or its equivalent according to law. The government spends at least 4 percent of gross national product on education.Secondary education generally includes two general or technical fields of study (agricultural, industrial, commercial, hotel, nursing).Besides, Al-Azhar Al-Sharif has a special educational system in which Islamic religious sciences are studied in addition to other scientific studies, and is eligible for post-secondary education to attend Al-Azhar University and its branches throughout the Republic.Military education is also divided between faculties and institutes of the armed forces and colleges and institutes affiliated with the Ministry of the Interior.