Management is the process of achieving the objectives set by exploiting the resources available, according to a specific approach, within a particular environment and management  a branch of social sciences. It is also the process of planning, organizing, coordinating, directing and controlling material and human resources to reach the best results in the simplest and least material way.The administration is considered one of the most important humanitarian activities in any society, on the basis of its different stages and development. This is because the administration has an impact on the life of societies because of their association with economic, social and political affairs.And because it is the Department that collects economic resources and employs them to meet the needs of the individual and the community in society. Management makes social progress, and states depend on progress and prosperity for their citizens. Successful management is the foundation for the organization's success and superiority over its competitors.Types of management
Public administration: It is characterized by being operating in monopolistic conditions that lead to public services that are not for profit but service is obligatory. The rule of equality of citizens is committed to service without discrimination, and this administration is considered a public responsibility and a large number of employees.Business management: characterized by a spirit of intense competition and its ultimate goal is to maximize the profit possible through the management of private enterprise awareness usually smaller than public administrations, and has fewer staff.Ralph Davis: "Management is the work of executive leadership."
John May Jone f. Me: Management is the art of maximizing the results with the least effort so that you can achieve maximum happiness for both the employer and the employees with the best service to the community.
Henry Fayol: Management means for the manager to predict, plan, plan, issue, coordinate and monitor the future.Sheldon: Management is a function in the industry in which policies are drawn up, coordination of production, distribution and finance activities, design of the organizational structure of the project and final supervision of all implementation work.And William White: Management is the art of directing, coordinating and controlling a number of people to accomplish a specific process or achieve a known goal.
Livingstone: Management is the job through which the goal is reached in the most cost-effective way and at the right time using the possibilities available to the project.In light of the previous definitions, we can develop a more integrated definition of management as follows:
Management is the process of direction, planning, organization, coordination, support and encouragement of employees, and control of material and human resources in order to reach the maximum results in the best and least cost manner.The Department has five main functions as follows: Planning - Organization - Recruitment - Orientation - Control.
Hamza Hayan Hayan Hamzeh: Management is the art and science achievement of smart goals by using all available resources efficiently, at the lowest cost and highest quality to result in satisfaction of all parties.Often an institution is divided into three administrative levels, each with its own nature.Under the auspices of these employees and employees.
Higher management is concerned with planning and guidance, and the departments need to communicate with staff to raise their skills and continuous training, motivate them to work skillfully, and encourage them to express their opinions in order to improve production or improve the production process.This applies to any administration, be it a government department, an economic institution or a company. The manager benefits from the views of the employees, whether through dialogue in periodic seminars or written suggestions of employees. After its study, it can be formulated in practical steps that everyone is committed to.This personal value motivates the worker and the employee to do his work at the best level, not interested in promotion or material allowance, his personal sense of belonging to this director and to this institution is the largest Doubf on his psychological satisfaction and stability in work as well as his family balance.Areas of Management
Functional management is the most common type of organizational management. The institution is classified according to the areas of specialization within the various functional fields (eg finance, marketing and engineering). Some refer to the functional area as "siloo." In addition to company product heads and / or geographic units, senior management is usually composed